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How childhood health affects poverty in adulthood

By any measure, there is a large income gradient in child health in the United States, meaning that children born into poorer families have worse child health. This relationship can be observed across a wide range of child health outcomes, including newborn health, infant mortality, and physiological differences in brain structure.1 The gradient also increases as children age, meaning that a given decrease in income is associated with a larger decline in health for older children.2 In this article, I explore current knowledge about the effect of parental income on child health and discuss the implications for policy.


Child Development & Well-Being, Child Poverty, Children, Health, Health General, Inequality & Mobility, Intergenerational Poverty