IRP-Supported Visiting Scholars
Bridget J. Goosby is the Happold Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. She will be in residence at IRP from March 23 through 27, 2015. During her visit she will present a seminar on "On the Margins: Health Consequences of Discrimination and Economic Disadvantage for Biracial, Black, and Caucasian Youth." IRP Director Lawrence Berger, Associate Professor of Public Affairs Jason Fletcher, and Associate Professor of Public Affairs and Sociology Pamela Herd will serve as her hosts and mentors during her stay.
Goosby earned her Ph.D. in Sociology and Demography from Pennsylvania State University in 2003. She was awarded a National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) K01 Mentored Research Scientist Award for her research on "The Intergenerational Transmission of Race Disparities in Health." The five-year award runs through 2016.
Her primary research emphasis is on examining how structural and economic inequality combine with racial discrimination to shape African Americans' biological stress profiles and health outcomes both intergenerationally and over the individual life course. Her research agenda is guided by the following question: By what pathways and processes does social stratification and discrimination influence minority group members' health over the life course?
The objective of Goosby's research is to develop explanatory empirical and theoretical models integrating biological and sociological levels of analysis to address these critical social problems. Goosby believes this integration is important for delineating how racial and economic inequality influence minority health over the life course, and through the family, across generations.
Goosby's NICHD research was highlighted in a recent University of Nebraska–Lincoln Research Report: "Childhood Hunger Linked to Adult Pain, Depression"; and published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior 54(1): Article: "Early Life Course Pathways of Adult Depression and Chronic Pain"; Podcast: "Early Life Course Pathways of Adult Depression and Chronic Pain."
Pamela Valera is an assistant professor of sociomedical sciences in the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. She will be in residence at IRP from February 2 through 6, 2015. She will present a seminar on February 5 on poverty and social inclusion among formerly incarcerated men and its impact on community reintegration. IRP Director Lawrence Berger and Vilas Associate Professor of Sociology Michael Massoglia will serve as her hosts and mentors during her stay.
Valera earned a Ph.D. in social work from the University of South Carolina in 2006. After obtaining her degree, she received a three-year postdoctoral research fellowship (2006–2009) in HIV prevention and sexuality at the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies in Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute. As a research fellow, Valera studied HIV and risk-taking behaviors among justice-involved populations in New York City. In 2010, she was awarded a National Cancer Institute five-year research and training grant to study "Health-Seeking among Men with Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse Histories," which examines the health-related needs and health behaviors of men in New York City between the ages of 35 and 65 that have criminal justice and substance abuse histories. The grant runs through July 2015.
Valera's research focuses on risk behaviors, stigma, sexual identity, and health disparities among ethnic minority men. She is also the co-founder and co-chair of the Bronx Reentry Working Group, a coalition of returning citizens, friends, and family members supporting each other through community reintegration.
Two recent publications are: D. Dumont, C. Wildeman, H. Lee, A. Gjelsvik, P. Valera, & J.G. Clarke, 2014, "Incarceration, Maternal Hardship, and Perinatal Health Behaviors," Maternal and Child Health Journal. doi:10.1007/s10995-014-1466-3
P. Valera, S. Cook, & D. Dumont, 2014, "They are not taking cigarettes from me...I'm
going to smoke my cigarettes until the day I die. I don't care if I get cancer": The smoking behaviors among men under community supervision in New York City. Nicotine & Tob Research, 6, 800-806.
Darcy Freedman will be in residence at IRP for a week from October 27 through 31, 2014. On October 30 she will present a seminar on "Moving Beyond Can Drives and Farmers' Markets to Improve Food Security and Public Health." Freedman is an associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics of the School of Medicine; core faculty at the Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods; and associate professor in the Mandel School for Applied Social Sciences, at Case Western Reserve University.
Freedman earned her PhD in Community Research and Action from Vanderbilt University in 2008. She brings to her research and teaching a transdisciplinary background in community psychology, public health, and women's and gender studies, and practice experience forming and directing the Community Food Advocates food security coalition. She seeks to promote health equity through community-engaged research focused on improving access to nutritious foods in low-income neighborhoods.
Current research includes a community-based participatory research study carried out in partnership with a federally qualified health center (FQHC) in rural South Carolina to establish the first FQHC-based farmers' market in the state—the Right Choice Fresh Start Farmers' Market (RCFS). The RCFS is now a model for integrating food access interventions into health care delivery systems that serve medically underserved populations, many of whom are recipients of food assistance benefits.
Freedman is also serving as a co-investigator on the "Midlands Family Study," one of the largest USDA-funded studies of children experiencing very low food security. (See a slide presentation about the Midlands Family Study.) A new study, "FreshLink," led by Freedman is focused on increasing social access to nutritious foods among SNAP beneficiaries. The goal of the FreshLink study is to examine social norms related to using (1) farmers' markets, and (2) food assistance incentive programs for purchasing fruits and vegetables, and (3) the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program among SNAP beneficiaries in Cleveland, Ohio.
Jonathan Schwabish will be in residence at IRP from May 4 through 8, 2015. On May 7, he will present a seminar. He is a Senior Research Associate in the Income and Benefits Policy Center at the Urban Institute. His primary research includes earnings and income inequality, immigration, disability insurance, retirement security, data measurement, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Widely known as an expert in the data visualization field, he also serves as a member of the Institute's Communications team.
Schwabish's ongoing and future work includes investigation the relationship between state-level SNAP policies and individual participation decisions. As an economist at the Congressional Budget Office, Schwabish coauthored a report on SNAP with Molly Dahl, Kathleen FitzGerald, Emily Holcombe, and Molly Dahl entitled, "An Overview of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program." In his role as an expert in data visualization, Schwabish also authored an "infographic" on the same topic.
Schwabish is currently working on two food assistance projects. The first project examines the characteristics of children who receive meals through the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP). Although in 2013 nearly 31 million children received meals through NSLP and more than 13 million children received meals through SBP, there is little information about the demographic characteristics of those children. Using repeated samples from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), Schwabish is documenting the characteristics of participating children over time.
His second food assistance-related project examines earnings patterns of SNAP recipients before, during, and after their SNAP spells. Using the SIPP data matched to Social Security Administration administrative earnings records, he is evaluating patterns in earnings for people for whom he observes a terminal SNAP period of participation. He then examines whether SNAP participation helps support people as they bridge the gap between periods of higher earnings or whether it acts as a magnet and encourages people to stay on the program for prolonged periods of time.
Christian B. Sundquist is professor of law at Albany Law School, Albany, New York. He will be in residence at IRP during the week of March 16, 2015. Assistant Professor of Sociology Alice Goffman, Assistant Professor of Educational Policy Studies Bianca Baldridge, and Assistant Professor of Educational Policy Studies Linn Posey-Maddox will meet with him during his stay.
Sundquist earned his J.D. from Georgetown University in 2002, serving as Senior Editor of the Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy. He is a nationally recognized scholar on issues of race and law. While his principal research interest lies at the intersection of genetics, race and law, he has published and presented widely on a variety of issues in the fields of constitutional law, evidence law, immigration law, critical race theory, education reform and welfare reform. In his work he seeks to understand the causes of social inequality in an effort to identify legal and policy solutions to both poverty and racial discrimination.
Sundquist's writings have appeared in a number of academic journals and popular media, including Tikkun Magazine, the Harvard Blackletter Law Journal, the Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights, the Columbia Journal of Race and Law, the NYU Annual Survey of American Law, the Berkeley Journal of African-American Law and Policy, the Albany Law Review, the Temple Journal of Science and Technology Law, and the Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy. Much of his scholarship is available on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN).
Marieke Heers is a postdoctoral researcher in the Fertility, Family, and Sexuality research unit of the National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED) in Paris, France. She will be in residence at IRP for the month of April in 2015. During her visit IRP Director Lawrence Berger will be her host and primary collaborator.
During her stay at IRP, Heers will work with Berger on the project "Maternal and Paternal Leave-Taking Following Childbirth: Trends and Influences." The project is in collaboration with INED researchers Anne Solaz and Lidia Panico, and Jane Waldfogel, Compton Foundation Centennial Professor of Social Work for the Prevention of Children's and Youth Problems. The project will utilize cohort data from France, the United States, and the United Kingdom.